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Pear under the very symbolic name "Tenderness" is used not only for fresh consumption, but also in demand for the manufacture of high-quality processed products, including stewed fruit, juices and preserves.
The variety was bred by well-known summer residents and gardeners of our country, breeders P. N. Yakovlev and S. P. Yakovlev as a result of work on crossing Lukashev pear called "Toma" with a very popular variety "Favorite Klappa".
For the cultivation of this variety, Tambov, Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Chelyabinsk and Kuibyshev regions, as well as the territory of the entire Moscow Region, are optimally suitable. It is here that there is a high yield, as well as the lowest risk of being affected by the most harmful diseases and plant parasites.
Description and varietal characteristics
Pear trees of variety "Tenderness" are vigorous, with a rare crown. Plants enter the fruiting stage approximately in the fourth year after planting in a permanent place.
Fruits are large in size. The average weight of the marketable fruit can vary from 155 to 205 g. Fruits are one-dimensional, round-ovoid in shape. At the harvesting stage, the peel of the fruit has a greenish-yellow color. The presence of a faint blush on the sunny side is characteristic.
Ripe pulp has a very good, sour-sweet taste, as well as a delicate and juicy texture. Fruit ripening occurs in the last decade of August or the first days of September.
Compliance with the storage regime allows you to save the crop until mid-October. The variety has sufficient winter hardiness and forms high yields. Very well established when growing in soil and climatic conditions, home gardening of the middle strip of our country.
How to plant a pear
Features of spring planting
When growing pear variety "Tenderness", you should pay attention to the fact that it is best to plant seedlings in the spring, according to the requirements of the technology:
- Qualitative characteristics and indicators of soil nutrition are very important for growing pears, so the soil for planting fruit trees should be not only breathable and permeable, but also loose and enriched with all necessary nutrients;
- pre-planting preparation of the site includes such activities as deep digging of the soil, removal of all weeds and (if necessary) liming;
- the standard depth of the planting pit on clay soils should be at least 100-120 cm with a diameter of 60-80 cm, and in the areas represented by peat soils, the dimensions of the planting pit may be slightly smaller;
- Before planting pear seedlings, a wooden peg, the height of which is about half a meter, must be driven into the bottom of the landing pit;
- two-thirds of the nutrient soil mixture, which consists of peat, humus, fertile soil with the addition of wood ash and superphosphate, is required to be poured into the planting pit;
- the seedling prepared for planting should be carefully placed in the planting pit and make sure that the root system is neatly straightened and the root neck of the seedling is 5 cm above the soil surface.
After planting, the seedling is tied to a wooden peg, and also watered abundantly. To reduce water consumption and reduce the required irrigation, the soil is mulched with sawdust, peat or a rotted humus mass.
You might also be interested in an article about Pear Rich.
Tips and reviews of summer residents
Pear "Tenderness", according to many gardeners, fully corresponds to the description of the variety, as well as its name and forms beautiful fruits with a very juicy, delicate, aromatic, sweet and sour-taste flesh. Winter hardiness is quite high, so fruit plantings do not need very careful preparation for the winter period.
One of the advantages of this variety is its excellent resistance to the defeat of fruit stands by scab.
According to gardeners and summer residents, the yield of this variety is very good and amounts to about 40-42 kg from each adult plant. In the temperature conditions of the cellar and in compliance with the humidity regime, the harvest can be preserved until January, but at the same time the taste of the fruit often deteriorates.
How to prune a pear in spring
When growing, gardeners and gardeners are advised to pay attention to the fact that the variety reacts extremely negatively in dry years to insufficient soil moisture in near-stem circles, so irrigation measures, especially at the stage of flowering and fruit formation, should be as plentiful or regular as possible.