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At first glance, all varieties of blackcurrant are similar to each other. But this is not so, and black currant Black pearl is no exception. Blackcurrant can rightfully be considered the pride of domestic breeders. It surprisingly collected a large number of pectins useful for the human body, vitamins and other useful substances. This is what brings blackcurrant great popularity.
Like most varieties that are widespread and have a positive reputation among gardeners and gardeners, Black Pearl currant was created thanks to the diligence of domestic breeders.
In the early 90s of the last century, the Pearl currant was included in the State Register of Varieties. It is allowed to grow Pearl currants in the following areas:
- Central Black Earth;
- North Caucasian;
- Middle Volga;
- West Siberian;
- East Siberian.
Assessing the different varieties of currants, it can be noted that this variety is recognized as the most popular among others related to dessert. The black pearl was able to conquer the market not only with its external, but primarily with its taste characteristics.
Often the description of this variety of blackcurrant is very similar to the characteristics of gooseberries or even blueberries. But the main feature is that black currant Black pearl is one of the unusual species - golden. Bushes of this type of berry culture actually have a lot in common with gooseberries. First of all, it is that the bush grows vertically and at the same time it is slightly branched. The shoots and newly formed shoots slightly bend as they grow. There are few leaves on the shoots. By the way, they are also very similar to gooseberry leaves. At a pointed plate, the development of 2-3 blades can be observed.
Studying the reviews of gardeners, we can draw conclusions about the average duration of ripening berries. Fruiting can be observed already in the first half of June. When a new plant is planted in the soil, fruiting begins in about 1.5-2 years.
The berries of the Black Pearl are very similar to the fruits of blueberries. The weight of a single berry can vary between 1-6 g. The average yield from one bush of the Black Pearl shows about 3-4.5 kg. These are quite significant results. In addition, the Black Pearl variety has excellent indicators for storage and transportation.
How to plant blackcurrant
Planting and plant care conditions
Description of blackcurrant variety Black pearl includes frost resistance and resistance to diseases and pests. In fact, this variety of this berry culture is characterized by excellent ability to withstand a large number of adverse environmental factors. In particular, Black pearls are able to survive without loss the change of air temperature indicators, insufficient moisture content in the soil, and in addition, diseases and the invasion of pests. And a kidney tick dangerous for most varieties of currants does not pose a threat to Black Pearls.
Resistance to frost is explained by the fact that the selection of this variety of currant occurred in conditions of Siberian latitudes. This is precisely what hardened the plant. Even frosts at -40 ° C are not afraid of him.
Blackcurrant variety Black pearl, among other things, is characterized by a peculiar immunity to the manifestations of powdery mildew. Despite the relative unpretentiousness and strength of the berry culture, it is necessary to observe some planting rules.
So, when buying seedlings, you need to make sure that there are no mechanical defects in the shoots or root system.
Both the trunk and the rhizome must be whole and strong.
It happens that the root system is slightly overdried. This is not scary. It is necessary to maintain the seedlings in water with diluted growth stimulants diluted in it for 2-3 days. This will allow the plant to regain strength and strengthen the root system. Before planting, you can dip the roots into a clay mash for extra protection.
Seedlings are rooted in a pit with sides of 50 cm. Immediately after planting, a rooted bush is carefully watered with water, which must be warm. After that, the earth around the seedling is covered with mulch in order to maintain a sufficient amount of moisture in the soil. In dry periods, drip irrigation of plants can be established.
Besides, It is important to provide oxygen access to the roots of blackcurrant. To do this, it is enough to periodically loosen the soil, trying not to touch the roots located close to the surface.
Usually, processing of Black Pearl from pests is not required, although such preventive measures will also not be superfluous.
Blackcurrant: useful properties
Black Currant Reviews
Irina, 41 years old, Orenburg.
Black currant Black pearl variety has been known for a long time. I must say, this is a favorite. The berries are large, sweet. I do not like blackcurrant with sourness, so Black pearl is the best option. He only loves moisture and in the first year of cultivation there were problems with powdery mildew.
Nikolai Nikolaevich, 56 years old, Ivanovo.
The black pearl appeared almost by accident: a neighbor in the summer cottage shared a couple of shoots. He praised currants, but could not believe it. But now I see that everything is true. And he’s not afraid of frosts, and the berries are large and sweet, and most importantly, non-capricious.
Antonina Stepanovna, 53 years old, Samara.
Blackcurrant Black pearl has become a currant sensation. The fruits are large and sweet. They have no unpleasant acid. Since you do not always have time to go to the cottage on time, then the berries, sometimes, hang for a long time on the bush. These can last more than 2 weeks. And if you lie a little in the sun, they become like raisins. Currant is perfect for jam, for making jam.