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Cherry IRA tomato is a popular variety of cherry tomatoes. This kind of small tomatoes fell in love with gardeners and summer residents both at first sight and at first taste. After all, it is the small cherry tomatoes that have an unsurpassed sweet taste. And thanks to the diligence of the hostesses, such tomatoes look very respectable and appetizing in jars prepared in advance for the winter.
Characteristics of a varietal variety
We owe the birth of Cherry Ira f1 tomatoes to our Russian breeders. Thanks to their labors, such a variety appeared back in 1999, and immediately gained many fans.
This variety is a hybrid, in terms of ripening it belongs to the early varieties of tomatoes. The plant is not determinate, standard. The harvest begins to be harvested within 85-95 days after planting the seeds.
Cherry tomatoes differ from their larger relatives by their greater demands on care and watering. Our "Irina" is no exception. Small tomatoes, like small children, are distinguished by a peculiar capriciousness and whimsicality, but with normal care they delight their owners with excellent taste and quite tolerable yield.
A characteristic feature of this variety is its excellent resistance to various diseases and pests.
Bushes of this variety grow from 70 cm to 3 m in height, quite powerful and sturdy. The plant requires pinching. Reviews of summer residents and gardeners indicate that the best way to grow this kind of tomato is to form 2-3 stems. The foliage of the bush is medium, leaves are bright green, slightly corrugated.
The description of such a variety indicates that with sufficient care, such tomatoes bear fruit until the first autumn frosts.
Another advantage of the variety is its high yield. It is possible to collect 15-17 kg of ripe sweet fruits from one square meter per season, and 3-4 kg from each bush.
The fruits themselves are shaped like an egg. When mature, they have a beautiful bright scarlet color with a glossy sheen. Vegetables weigh 30-40 grams, each vegetable has 2-3 chambers. Dry matter in fruits is 5-6%. The fruits grow in clusters. 20-25 vegetables are formed in each brush. The fruits are very aromatic and sweet. The advantage of the variety is the density of the pulp in vegetables. Tomatoes perfectly tolerate transportation over long distances, they are stored for a long time in a torn form and do not crack when canned.
Important to remember! If you want tomatoes of this variety to lie for a long time and look beautiful in jars, you need to harvest on time, not allowing overripening. When overripe, the skin of vegetables becomes thin and vulnerable, and the flesh is too soft.
The declared characteristic of this variety of tomatoes indicates the possibility of their cultivation, both in greenhouses and in the open field.
But experienced gardeners and summer residents note that tomatoes are tastier when grown in open soil. With a sufficient amount of open sunlight, the taste of tomatoes becomes sweeter, and in greenhouse conditions, the fruits acquire a certain sourness.
But in open soil, such a variety can be grown only in the southern regions of our country; in the rest of the area, such tomatoes can be grown exclusively in greenhouses.
Advantages and disadvantages of this variety
The main advantages of this type of tomato include:
- Early ripening.
- Disease and pest resistance. Such a variety is especially resistant to such common diseases as fusarium and verticellosis, and to such a tomato pest as a nematode.
- Excellent taste.
- Density and firmness of the fruit.
- Versatility in use.
- Growing versatility.
- Long shelf life and excellent transportability.
- Long fruiting.
But this variety also has its drawbacks:
- The variety is very picky about fertilizing and fertilizing.
- Its branches are rather weak and require strengthening and supports.
- With a lack of sunlight, the taste of the fruit is significantly reduced.
How to use
These tomatoes can be used both fresh and processed. Sufficiently early ripening periods allow you to enjoy the fresh vegetable in salads. You can also make juice, ketchup, lecho from it. Tomatoes retain their excellent taste when boiled and stewed, they can also be dried, frozen for the winter. Pickled and pickled vegetables in jars look especially beautiful and respectable.
Growing and care
These tomatoes can be grown in open soil, in a greenhouse and even on windowsills and balconies in special containers. Regardless of which method you choose, growing this variety requires the obligatory props of the branches.
It is best to grow tomatoes from seedlings. To do this, the seeds are planted in separate containers near moist, loose soil and placed in a warm, sunny place, best of all on a windowsill. As the soil dries, it is moistened and periodically loosened so that oxygen flows to the roots.
Seeds sprout in about a week. Seedlings dive into separate containers when 4-5 true leaves have appeared on the seedlings, while the roots are trying to root deeper into the soil. Plants are transplanted outside 60-65 days after planting the seeds. Seedlings must be hardened before planting in open soil. To do this, the containers are periodically taken out into the street, or onto the balcony, first for 1-2 hours, periodically adding the time spent outdoors and bringing it to a whole day.
It is important to know! It is necessary to leave seedlings in the open air for a day, excluding the possibility of night frosts. Otherwise, the seedlings may freeze and die.
Before planting in an open area, seedlings must not be watered for 24 hours.
The soil on the street must also be prepared. Weeds are carefully removed on the site, the soil is loosened and holes are dug. One square meter can accommodate 4-5 bushes.
The plant must be tied to pegs.
Care for such tomatoes needs careful. This variety of tomato is very fond of all kinds of feeding and fertilization. It can be both natural organic substances and synthetic fertilizers.
Watering is also necessary in a timely manner. With a lack of moisture, vegetables will crack and wither, and with an excess of moisture, the roots will rot. It is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out too much, but it is not constantly damp. Drip watering is recommended.
Cherry Ira tomato will delight you with an excellent harvest and excellent taste of fruits only in the case of proper care and attention.